Journalism purists will argue your story is not complete until you answer all six questions. It’s hard to argue this point, since missing any of these questions leaves a hole in your story. This was a matter of debate between some four and five-year-old students from BHS Early Years Programme on their recent tour of The Royal Gazette.
Let’s look at what information you might want to gather with the Five Ws and One H if you were reporting on The Three Little Pigs:
Who was involved?
The three little pigs (the first pig, the second pig and the third pig) and the Big Bad Wolf.
Each pig constructed a house out of different materials (straw, sticks and bricks). Wolf (allegedly) threatened to blow over their houses and is believed to have destroyed both the straw and stick homes at this time.
Pig one and two were able to flee to the brick house, where they remain at the moment.
We’re still waiting to hear from local authorities, but it looks like the wolf may have been injured while attempting to enter the brick house.
Where did it take place?
Outside a straw house, a stick house and a brick house.
When did it take place?
At various times throughout the day.
Why did it happen?
Apparently the Big Bad Wolf was trying to eat the pigs. Several eyewitnesses recall the wolf taunting the pigs before he destroyed the straw and stick homes by chanting, “Little pigs, little pigs, let me in.”
The pigs apparently scoffed at the wolf’s idle treats, saying “Not by the hair of our chinny, chin chins.” It’s believed this angered the wolf and led to him blowing the houses down.
How did it happen?
It would appear the first two homes were not built to withstand the wolf’s powerful breath. The incident inside the brick house is still being investigated, but early indications suggest the wolf fell into a boiling pot of water when trying to enter the house through the chimney.
It’s a silly example, but you can see how getting answers to these six questions can really help. Next time you are reading your favourite book, consider walking through the Five Ws and One H to see if you left anything out.
• To find more comprehension fun for preschoolers, check educational sites such as education.com